Key data

Key data1

 
20162
20152
People
  
Workforce at 31 December (headcount)
20,786
20,796
Female/male ratio
27/73
28/72
Total employee benefits costs (in € million)
1,752
1,778
Frequency Index of Recordable Injuries (per 100 DSM employees and contractor employees)
0.33
0.41
Employee engagement - favorable score (in %)
71
69
   
Planet
  
Energy use (in petajoules)
22.6
20.9
Energy Efficiency Improvement (in %, year-on-year)
2
 
Greenhouse-gas emissions in CO2 equivalents (x million tons)
1.5
1.1
Greenhouse-gas efficiency improvement (in %, baseline 2008)
23
20
Water use (x million m3)
104
101
   
Brighter Living Solutions (as % of net sales)
63
 
   
Profit (in € million)
  
Net sales, continuing operations
7,920
7,722
Adjusted EBITDA, continuing operations3
1,262
1,075
EBITDA, continuing operations
1,174
956
Adjusted operating profit, continuing operations (EBIT)3
791
573
Operating profit, continuing operations (EBIT)
685
362
Net profit attributable to equity holders of Koninklijke DSM N.V.
621
88
   
Cash provided by operating activities
1,018
696
Capital expenditure, cash based
475
536
Dividend for DSM shareholders
310
297
Net debt
2,070
2,321
Shareholders' equity
6,072
5,541
Total assets
12,958
11,743
Capital employed, continuing operations
7,889
7,553
Market capitalization at 31 December4
10,334
8,396
   
Per ordinary share in €
  
Net earnings
3.52
0.45
Dividend
1.755
1.65
   
Financial ratios (%)
  
Sales to high growth economies / net sales
44
44
Innovation sales / net sales
22
24
Adjusted EBITDA margin (continuing operations)
15.9
13.9
Average working capital / annualized net sales (continuing operations)
18.6
20.7
ROCE (continuing operations)
10.4
7.6
Gearing (net debt / equity plus net debt)
25.1
29.2
Equity / total assets
47.5
48.0
Cash provided by operating activities / Adjusted EBITDA
80.7
59.5

1 For definitions see Explanation of some concepts and ratios.

2 Key data presented relate to total DSM (= continuing operations + discontinued operations), unless explicitly stated otherwise.

3 In presenting and discussing DSM’s financial position, operating results and cash flows, DSM (similar to many other publicly listed companies) uses certain Alternative performance measures (APMs) not defined by IFRS. These APMs are used because they are an important measure of DSM’s business development and DSM’s management performance. A full reconciliation of IFRS performance measures to the APMs is given in the Alternative performance measures (APMs).

4 Source: Bloomberg.

5 Subject to approval by the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders.