Key data

Key data1

 
20172
20162
People
  
Workforce at 31 December (headcount)
21,054
20,786
Female/male ratio3
27/73
27/73
Total employee benefits costs (in € million)
1,768
1,752
Frequency Index of Recordable Injuries (per 100 DSM employees and contractor employees)
0.36
0.33
Employee engagement — favorable score (in %)
75
71
   
Planet
  
Energy use (in petajoules)
23.6
22.6
Energy Efficiency Improvement (in %, baseline 2015)
3
2
Greenhouse-gas emissions, market-based (in CO2 equivalents x million tons)
1.5
1.4
Greenhouse-gas efficiency improvement (in %, baseline 2008)
26
23
Water consumption (x million m3)
23
22
   
Brighter Living Solutions (as % of net sales)
62
63
   
Profit (in € million)
  
Net sales
8,632
7,920
Adjusted EBITDA, continuing operations4
1,445
1,262
EBITDA, continuing operations
1,348
1,174
Adjusted operating profit, continuing operations (EBIT)4
957
791
Operating profit, continuing operations (EBIT)
846
685
Net profit
1,781
629
   
Cash provided by operating activities
996
1,018
Capital expenditure, cash based
546
475
Dividend for DSM shareholders (based on profit appropriation)5
331
310
Net debt
742
2,070
Shareholders' equity
6,962
6,072
Total assets
12,802
12,958
Capital employed
7,766
7,889
Market capitalization at 31 December6
14,454
10,334
   
Per ordinary share in €
  
Net earnings
10.07
3.52
Dividend
1.855
1.75
   
Financial ratios (%)
  
Sales to high growth economies / net sales
44
44
Innovation sales / net sales
21
22
Adjusted EBITDA margin4
16.7
15.9
Average working capital / annualized net sales
18.4
18.6
ROCE
12.3
10.4
Gearing (net debt / equity plus net debt)
9.5
25.1
Equity / total assets
55.2
47.5
Cash provided by operating activities / Adjusted EBITDA4
68.9
80.7

1 For definitions see Explanation of some concepts and ratios.

2 Key data presented relate to total DSM (= continuing operations + discontinued operations), unless explicitly stated otherwise.

3 For the indexes based on age, nationalities, gender, inflow and outflow, the companies that are not integrated into the HR systems (approx. 10% of the total workforce) are not taken into account.

4 In presenting and discussing DSM’s financial position, operating results and cash flows, DSM (similar to many other publicly listed companies) uses certain Alternative performance measures (APMs) not defined by IFRS, and referred to as 'Adjusted'. These APMs are used because they are an important measure of DSM’s business development and DSM’s management performance. A full reconciliation of IFRS performance measures to the APMs is given in the Alternative performance measures (APMs).

5 Subject to approval by the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders.

6 Source: Bloomberg.